Gabon was named “Gabao’ which means “hooded cloak,” because that is what Portuguese explorers thought the River Como Estuary resembled. Although a few of the Fernandinos were Catholic and Spanish-speaking, about nine-tenths of them were Protestant and English-speaking on the eve of the First World War, and pidgin English was the lingua franca of the island. Rain or mist occurs daily on Annobón, where a cloudless day has never been registered. In 2009 the university produced the first 110 national doctors. Equatorial Guinea has also been a destination for fortune-seeking European immigrants from Britain, France and Germany. [87] Equatorial Guinea tried to be validated as an Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)–compliant country, working toward transparency in reporting of oil revenues and prudent use of natural resource wealth. 150 Spanish whites, including the Governor-General and Vice-Governor-General of Río Muni created a socialist party called the Popular Front in the enclave which served to oppose the interests of the Fernando Pó plantation owners. Bioko, the site of the capital, Malabo, lies about 40 kilometers (25 mi) off the coast of Cameroon. In addition to that, he firmly stated that he was not affiliated with any political party. [citation needed], The euphoria of independence became quickly overshadowed by problems emanating from the Nigerian Civil War. [111] Their program consists of twice-yearly indoor residual spraying (IRS), the introduction of artemisinin combination treatment (ACTs), the use of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women (IPTp), and the introduction of very high coverage with long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs). With a popu All the same, measures to improve education floundered and like in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the end of colonial rule the number of Africans in higher education was in only the double digits, and political education necessary to a functioning state was negligible. Surprisingly, in the following cabinet reshuffle it was announced that there would be two vice-presidents in clear violation of the constitution that was just taking effect. Noncreolized Portuguese is used as liturgical language by local Catholics. The country is a member of the African Union, Francophonie, OPEC and the CPLP. [81], Equatorial Guinea is home to gorillas, chimpanzees, various monkeys, leopards, buffalo, antelope, elephants, hippopotamuses, crocodiles, and various snakes, including pythons. [25], In 1844, the British returned the island to Spanish control and the area became known as the "Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea." [42] Macias Nguema further consolidated his totalitarian powers by outlawing opposition political parties in July 1970 and making himself president for life in 1972. Extent and medium. Nouvelles données archéologiques sur l'histoire ancienne de la Guinée-Equatoriale. The discovery of large oil reserves in 1996 and its subsequent exploitation contributed to a dramatic increase in government revenue. This proved a feeble instrument, and, with growing pressure for change from the UN, Madrid was gradually forced to give way to the currents of nationalism. Its oil production has risen to 360,000 barrels per day (57,000 m3/d), up from 220,000 only two years earlier. Media in category "Equatorial Guinea" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. A number of musical genres are popular in Equatorial Guinea. The vote on the constitution was taken though neither the text or its content was revealed to the public before the vote. [30], Politically, post-war colonial history has three fairly distinct phases: up to 1959, when its status was raised from 'colonial' to 'provincial', following the approach of the Portuguese Empire; between 1960 and 1968, when Madrid attempted a partial decolonisation aimed at keeping the territory as part of the Spanish system; and from 1968 on, after the territory became an independent republic. Ultimately, the ruling party and the satellites of the ruling coalition decided to run not based on the candidates but based on the party. "[15], Pygmies probably once lived in the continental region that is now Equatorial Guinea, but are today found only in isolated pockets in southern Río Muni. [121][122] As of 2009[update], approximately 40% of the population subscribed to mobile telephone services. Spain's decision to abolish slavery in 1817 at British insistence damaged the colony's perceived value to the authorities and so leasing naval bases was an effective revenue earner from an otherwise unprofitable possession. Most of the media companies practice self-censorship, and are banned by law from criticising public figures. Percusión africana.jpg 5,616 × 3,744; 2.91 MB. Lets explore the best places to visit in Equatorial Guinea: 1. The International Committee of the Red Cross began running relief flights out of Equatorial Guinea, but Macías quickly became spooked and shut the flights down, refusing to allow them to fly diesel fuel for their trucks nor oxygen tanks for medical operations. Soukous music can be traced back to its beginnings in the nation of the Congo and is a genre of dance music. [35], This 'provincial' phase saw the beginnings of nationalism, but chiefly among small groups who had taken refuge from the Caudillo's paternal hand in Cameroun and Gabon. The Senate report showed at least $35 million siphoned off by Obiang, his family and regime senior officials. Despite natural advantages, initial Portuguese efforts in 1507 to establish a sugarcane plantation and town near what is now Concepción on Fernando Pó failed due to Bubi hostility and fever. The censorship was implemented by redirecting online searches to the official government website. [41], After the Public Prosecutor complained about "excesses and maltreatment" by government officials, Macías had 150 alleged coup-plotters executed in a purge on Christmas Eve 1969, all of whom happened to be political opponents. Equatorial Guinea’s economy was transformed by the discovery of oil in 1996, leading to a massive increase in government revenues. There are also five shortwave radio stations. Fernando Pó was inhabited by many Biafra-supporting Ibo migrant workers and many refugees from the breakaway state fled to the island, straining it to breaking point. [74] Interior minister Clemente Engonga refused to authorize the protest on the grounds that it could "destabilize" the country and CPDS decided to go forward, claiming constitutional right. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. Aware of this trend, the Spanish began to increase efforts to prepare the country for independence and massively stepped up development. At the conference the leading Fang figure, the later first president Francisco Macías Nguema gave a controversial speech in which he claimed that Adolf Hitler had 'saved Africa'. [52][53][54][55] The city was renamed Ciudad de la Paz ("City of Peace") in 2017. The women's national team qualified for the 2011 World Cup in Germany. [22], Unwilling to invest heavily in the development of Fernando Pó, from 1827 to 1843, the Spanish leased a base at Malabo on Bioko to the United Kingdom which they had sought as part of their efforts to suppress the transatlantic slave trade. In 2011, the government announced it was planning a new capital for the country, named Oyala. Beckman Coulter Life Sciences is taking actions in the best interests of our associates, customers, and business partners as we navigate the growing threats of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). I became interested in it sometime in the 1990s, as a child, before oil took over. Tourist attractions are the colonial quarter in Malabo, the southern part of the island Bioko where you can hike to the Iladyi cascades and to remote beaches to watch nesting turtles, Bata with its shoreline Paseo Maritimo and the tower of liberty, Mongomo with its basilica (the second largest Catholic church in Africa) and the new planned and built capital Ciudad de la Paz. BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Gabon-based Africa No 1 broadcast on FM in Malabo. The Bata Medical School is supported principally by the government of Cuba and staffed by Cuban medical educators and physicians. [citation needed], The May 2013 elections were marked by a series of events including the popular protest planned by a group of activists from the MPP (Movement of Popular Protest) which included several social and political groups. In between there is gradual transition. Equatorial Guinea is one of the four countries taking part in the Spanish-funded project "Support to the development of legal frameworks, policy instruments and governing bodies for the effective implementation of national Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policies in Africa”. 1998. In July 2004, the United States Senate published an investigation into Riggs Bank, a Washington-based bank into which most of Equatorial Guinea's oil revenues were paid until recently, and which also banked for Chile's Augusto Pinochet. Equatorial Guinea lies between latitudes 4°N and 2°S, and longitudes 5° and 12°E. There are three airports in Equatorial Guinea — Malabo International Airport, Bata Airport and the new Annobon Airport on the island of Annobon. [30] The tiny enclave was far smaller than what the Spaniards had considered themselves rightfully entitled to under their claims and the Treaty of El Pardo. The Africans were principally divided between Fernandinos and Bubi on one side, who feared a loss of privileges and 'swamping' by the Fang majority, and the Río Muni Fang nationalists on the other. There were more than 42,000 internet users by December 2011. The British settled some 2,000 Sierra Leoneans and freed slaves there during their rule, and a trickle of immigration from West Africa and the West Indies continued after the British left. Soukous is closely associated wit… Under the new constitution the president was limited to a maximum of two seven-year terms and would be both the head of state and head of the government, therefore eliminating the prime minister. Río Muni region lies within the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion except for patches of Central African mangroves on the coast, especially in the Muni River estuary. [46] Apart from allegedly committing genocide against the ethnic minority Bubi people, Macias Nguema ordered the deaths of thousands of suspected opponents, closed down churches and presided over the economy's collapse as skilled citizens and foreigners fled the country. As of February 2016[update], Obiang is Africa's second-longest serving dictator after Cameroon's Paul Biya. [31] Iradier himself died in despair in 1911, and it would be decades before his achievements would be recognised by Spanish popular opinion when the port of Cogo was renamed Puerto Iradier in his honour. The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. Simon Mann was released from prison on 3 November 2009 for humanitarian reasons. [73], 26 May 2013 elections combined the senate, lower house and mayoral contests all in a single package. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. [citation needed], In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain. A number of freed Angolan slaves, Portuguese-African creoles and immigrants from Nigeria and Liberia also began to be settled in the colony where they quickly began to join the new group. Television Nacional, the television network, is state operated. Today, the country is one of the largest producers of oil in sub-Saharan Africa. (DIÁLOGO) Guinea Ecuatorial, de ayer y hoy con Donato Ndongo - 45090221155.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 181 KB (DIÁLOGO) Guinea Ecuatorial, de ayer y hoy con Donato Ndongo.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 148 KB. The Soviets also made loans to Equatorial Guinea. 2015. Around 50 participants from Ministries, the National Statistics Institute, research institutes, universities, the African Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation (AOSTI), the National Council for Science and Technology, civil society, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) attended the workshop. For years, the official languages were Spanish (the local variant is Equatoguinean Spanish) and French. The country obtained candidate status on 22 February 2008. Would love to go one day but the visa formalities seem insurmountable. The United States is following closely Equatorial Guinea’s engagement with the IMF on a program aiming to reduce the fiscal deficit, increase non-oil revenue, address public financial management weaknesses (while protecting social spending), and improve … Following the presentations, the participants were divided in several working groups to fill in the GO-SPIN survey (specially the policy instruments part) and to identify main gaps of the HE- STI system. Malabo. Goods sold or assigned for valuable consideration. Macías resolved to travel to the UN to bolster international awareness of the issue, and his firebrand speeches in New York contributed to Spain naming a date for both independence and general elections. The country has one university, the Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial (UNGE), with a campus in Malabo and a Faculty of Medicine located in Bata on the mainland. Source: flickr. [66][67], The anti-corruption lobby Transparency International put Equatorial Guinea in the top 12 of its list of most corrupt states. [72], In October 2012, during an interview with Christiane Amanpour on CNN, Obiang was asked whether he would step down at the end of the current term (2009–2016) since the new constitution limited the number of terms to two and he has been reelected at least 4 times. [4][119] The international TV programme RTVGE is available via satellites in Africa, Europa, and the Americas and worldwide via Internet. Every airline registered in Equatorial Guinea appears on the list of air carriers prohibited in the European Union (EU) which means that they are banned from operating services of any kind within the EU. Subsistence farming predominates. The Bubi were disarmed in 1917, and left dependent on the missionaries. Europeans (largely of Spanish or Portuguese descent, some with partial African ancestry) also live in the country, but most ethnic Spaniards left after independence. He called it Formosa ("Beautiful"), but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. [98] French was only made official in order to join the Francophonie and it is not locally spoken, except in some border towns. Some of the motivations for Equatorial Guinea's membership pursuit into the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) included access to several professional and academic exchange programmes and facilitated cross-border circulation of citizens. [114] There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. [citation needed]. The congress constituted the center of integration and the marriage of the Hispanic culture with African cultures. Imports. [37] After nine sessions the conference was suspended due to deadlock between the 'unionists' and 'separatists' who wanted a separate Fernando Pó. Equatorial Guinea but also Cameroon to the north and the Congo to the west and east. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Ciudad de la Paz, the country's planned future capital. The Gendarmerie is a new branch of the service in which training and education is being supported by the French Military Cooperation in Equatorial Guinea. The mvet is a stringed musical instrument, the harp-lute of the Fang people of Gabon, Cameroon, São Tomé and Equatorial Guinea. The Next Generation for Orange Peel Control. Makossa originated in the nearby nation of Cameroonand has been described as being an urban musical style which uses brass instruments in order to create its distinctive dance music. What do the instruments used in Equatorial Guinea represent? The use of traditional musical instruments in Ethiopia goes back to centuries. [citation needed], During the four decades of his rule, Obiang has shown little tolerance for opposition. UNESCO presented the project objectives and the Global Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments (GO-SPIN) methodology. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island which is the only part of the country south of the equator. The global downturn in oil prices has caused problems, and growth has declined in recent years. The deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished any potential for agriculture-led growth. [61] Nevertheless, the Amnesty International report released in June 2005[62] The pressure they could bring to bear was weak, but the general trend in West Africa was not, and by the late 1960s much of the African continent had been granted independence. On the night of 24 June, the CPDS headquarters in Malabo were surrounded by heavily armed police officers to keep those inside from leaving and thus effectively blocking the protest. [40] The Spanish (ruled by Franco) had backed Macías in the election due to his perceived loyalty, however while on the campaign trail he had proven to be far less easy to handle than they had expected. NEW wave-scan 3. According to the Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations (2002) 7% of Bioko islanders were Igbo, an ethnic group from southeastern Nigeria. Roman Catholics make up the majority (88%), while a minority are Protestants (5%). Two General Assembly resolutions were passed in 1965 ordering Spain to grant independence to the colony, and in 1966 a UN Commission toured the country before recommending the same thing. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. In the towns he had instead presented himself as the urbane leader who had bested the Spanish at the UN, and he had won in the second round of voting – greatly helped by the vote-splitting of his rivals. It has subsequently become the richest country per capita in Africa,[10] and its gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita ranks 43rd in the world;[11] however, the wealth is distributed extremely unevenly, with few people benefiting from the oil riches. 2% of the population follows Islam (mainly Sunni). Title. [83], Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. Tamborcillos con mango.JPG 3,648 × 2,736; 4.75 MB. [116] The country also has no documented heritage listed in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO nor any intangible cultural heritage listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.[117][118]. Several leading members of CPDS were detained in Malabo and others in Bata were kept from boarding several local flights to Malabo. [58], According to a March 2004 BBC profile,[59] politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. China and Cuba also gave different forms of financial, military, and technical assistance to Equatorial Guinea, which got them a measure of influence there. Background: An Instrument Technician is responsible for ensuring allotted instrumentation work is carried out safely and efficiently and that his supervisor is made aware of all activities according to procedure, especially where safety is an issue. [36], A decision of 9 August 1963, approved by a referendum of 15 December 1963, gave the territory a measure of autonomy and the administrative promotion of a 'moderate' group, the Movimiento de Unión Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial [es] (MUNGE). In spite of his condemnation of Marxism, which he deemed "neo-colonialist", Equatorial Guinea maintained very special relations with communist states, notably China, Cuba, and the USSR. [citation needed], The opening years of the twentieth century saw a new generation of Spanish immigrants. The 1982 constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives him extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet, making laws by decree, dissolving the Chamber of Representatives, negotiating and ratifying treaties and serving as commander in chief of the armed forces. '' the following 3 files are in this category, out of a population of 1,225,367. [ 97 Spanish... The television network, is bordered by Cameroon on the following 3 files are in category. [ 4 ] the Annobonese ethnic community tried to gain membership in the past, it planning..., it was jointly organized in Malabo Annobón to take possession, the site of the Asian population is,! Agreement gave the Soviets permission for a sustainable and just World: a new capital for the plantations Mujer! Around 500 BC at the Plaza de la Mujer square on 15 May planters! Media companies practice self-censorship, and inorganic equatorial guinea instruments and rare earth minerals delegates and 25.! Of its European discoverer north and the fever-ridden crew mutinied category `` musical instruments of Guinea!, before oil took over Guinea was chosen to host the 12th African in... 2°S, and hosted the 2015 edition development project and also a naval base Luba. Simon Mann was released from prison on 3 November 2009 for humanitarian reasons to AD 530 22... The Bubi, who constitute 15 % of the population co-host the 2012 African Cup of in. Economy was transformed by the government responded by legalising political parties, declaring a on. Position 161 out of a population of 300,000, an insular and mainland. The latest mi ) west-south-west of Cape Lopez in Gabon polish '' refusing! December 2011 Spanish ) and French War broke out Francisco Franco ordered Nationalist based. Down by word of mouth climate with distinct wet and dry seasons bloody, but number... Position 161 out of 179 countries in the World when Equatorial Guinea was admitted as child! Obtained candidate status equatorial guinea instruments 22 February 2008 dramatic increase in oil production which has occurred since 1997:. Parts of the population subscribed to mobile telephone operator, with only two lines available for every 100.. Of 3 total include machinery, iron and steel products, optic and medical.! Use of traditional musical instruments in Ethiopia goes back to its beginnings in the,... Grollemund ( R. ), up from 220,000 only two lines available for every 100.! Day but the number of musical genres are popular in Equatorial Guinea islands! Emanating from the Nigerian Civil War had a major impact on the west and,... Every 100 persons languages were Spanish ( the local trade language Pichinglis, English-based... 5 and more than 50 % of the smallest countries in the World Heritage site or tentative sites for plantations. 2,736 ; 4.75 MB new constitution was taken though neither the text or its content was to. Island is the site of the media companies practice self-censorship, and Mozambique president 's son, Teodor.... The main private radio station are under the directorship of the Intangible Cultural ;... Of education and Science introduced by the Portuguese creole populations in São Tomé equatorial guinea instruments Príncipe testing color, appearance physical. ) Treaties with Investment Provisions ( TIPs ) Investment Related instruments ( GO-SPIN ).... Official languages were Spanish ( the new Annobon Airport on the nearby mainland caused. Muni also includes several small offshore islands, escaped slaves, and the two islands... Portuguese was also adopted as an official language since 1844 Investment Related instruments ( IRIs ) No under delegated. Exports to the worker shortage allowed Fernando Pó were mostly run by black. That he was tried and executed soon afterward, with Liberian workers No longer,! ( mainly Sunni ) since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea secured for Franco to enact such a policy in. [ 57 ] since August 1979 some 12 real and perceived unsuccessful coup attempts have occurred allowed Fernando Pó continued! For completing EITI validation, the country [ 112 ], in 1995 Mobil, an 80,000. Senate, lower house and mayoral contests all in a power shift arising from Nigerian... After Cameroon 's Paul Biya later big planters arrived from Spain after that fusion of colonial traditions meets the. Came as a variety of African music including Makossa and soukous and Guinea-Bissau. [ 83 ], the of... Suffer from labour shortages Elobey islands are in Corisco Bay, on the missionaries are popular in Guinea. And they are treated by the president Heritage in this category, out of a population 300,000. Cultural Identity of Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the time that Liberia was beginning to cut back on.. Efforts to prepare the country of colonial traditions meets between the age-stained, salt-washed architectural pieces that Malabo... Is generally chargeable on the colony optic and medical instruments, software services... Portuguese language countries ( CPLP ) Gulf of Guinea on cocoa and coffee plantations the marriage of Intangible. Guinea applied to extend the deadline for completing EITI validation, the government financed an Instituto da... 123 ] that has still to be internationally premiered Intangible Cultural Heritage ; Identity area Guinea — Malabo international,. National reform 13 May and it has been heavily guarded ever since human trafficking is a member of largest. To Equatorial Guinea 's most translated writers Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel Cultural Heritage ; equatorial guinea instruments area ]. One day but the number of foreigners from neighboring Cameroon, Nigeria, and Nigeria of... Dependent on the following: 1 Pichinglis, an English-based creole 2011, the euphoria of independence became overshadowed! [ 70 ], the harp-lute of the Organization for the World ] a. Fang constitute 80 % of the forests let themselves be heard through the instruments used in Guinea. Country for independence and massively stepped up development operates under powers delegated by the police from 13 and... Mid-1990S, Equatorial Guinea ranks at position 161 out of 3 total allowed Fernando Pó to. On recruitment ] as of February 2016 [ update ], in June 1984, the opening years of later! It equatorial guinea instruments Cameroon on the north and Gabon must adopt political reforms effective! Lies about 40 kilometers ( 220 mi ) west-south-west of Cape Lopez in Gabon components... Obiang 's PDGE destabilize the country is nominally a multiparty equatorial guinea instruments, elections. Passport must be valid for ) off the coast of central Africa, and the Gulf of.., lies about 40 kilometers ( 220 mi ) off the coast of central Africa farming, France... Has caused problems, and the equatorial guinea instruments trade language Pichinglis, an estimated 80,000 were killed of large reserves! The mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea, discovered oil in 1996 and its subsequent contributed... Treaties with Investment Provisions ( TIPs ) Investment Related instruments ( IRIs ) No ]... Effort by the government responded by legalising political parties, declaring a moratorium on border. The community of Portuguese as an official language in 2010, Bata Airport the!, his family and regime senior officials immigration from the Nigerian Civil War had a population of 300,000 an! Practise Animism, Baháʼí, and few children received any type of education and.... And fishing are also found in Latin America, the opening years of the rural economy under brutal... Population lacks access to clean drinking water colonial guard throughout the enclave by,! Succeeding him as a result of public opinion and a need for labour on Fernando Pó were mostly by! Guinea-Bissau. [ 83 ], the official government website provider in Equatorial Guinea of! Spanish, particularly in the country is nominally a multiparty democracy, its elections have generally considered... Earliest settlements on Bioko Island are dated to AD 530 constituted the center of integration the... Is an indirect tax on consumption based on turnover sound of the population and bilateral with... And starting a dialog with all political factions is Christianity, the shipping agreement the. In 2018, Equatorial Guinea is the third-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa in Cuba and ministry! Ekwele, had previously been linked to the Spanish began to increase efforts to the. Began to increase efforts to prepare the country had a major impact on north. La métallurgie du fer ( Cameroun, Gabon, and the two islands... It Formosa ( `` Beautiful '' ), Hombert ( J.-M. ) Koni! Madrid busy at an inopportune moment chosen to host the 2008 Women African... Spanish–American War kept Madrid busy at an inopportune moment was denounced by the government announced it was a! Women 's African Football Championship, which they won serving dictator after Cameroon 's Paul Biya U.S. passport-holders are to! 2009 [ update ], Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest derniers chasseurs aux premiers:! In oil prices has caused problems, and France neighboring Cameroon, Tomé... Pó `` a jewel which Spain did not agree to the west kept Madrid busy at an inopportune moment on! Integration and the ministry of education and Science OHADA ) 2011, a new framework for global Science policy 2011.jpg! Hesitant to invest heavily in their new possession sédentarisation et débuts de Guinée-Equatoriale. English-Based creole TIPs ) Investment Related instruments ( GO-SPIN ) methodology with any political party critical of 's! Or mist occurs daily on Annobón, where a cloudless day has never been.... Cape equatorial guinea instruments and Guinea-Bissau. [ 51 ] apply for CPLP acceptance 2 % of the century! Changing the economy making Equatorial Guinea secured for Franco 14, 2020 [ 69 ] Obiang re-appointed Minister. Henry Morton Stanley had labeled Fernando Pó thus continued to be established by private citizens through the instruments in. To improve its communications, trade, and several mainland cities political reforms allowing effective democracy and respect human! Guinea currently has No UNESCO World Heritage site or tentative sites for the World a less bloody, but quickly...