The greatest testament to this fact is that on 2 December 1956, just four days before he died, Ambedkar wrote up “Buddha or Marx”! If I am disgusted with Hindus and Hinduism it is because I am convinced that they cherish wrong ideals and live a wrong social life. "If I find the constitution being misused, I shall be the first to burn it" Powerful Quotes From Sardar … But as Ambedkar never failed to remind us, all men, rather humans, are not born equal. Modernity, we know, emerged in Europe by pitting Reason against Religion and State against Church. As I believe I have achieved that purpose I have no more use for temple entry. (This reminds us of Marx’s famous statement that the working classes have no country.) Equality, Fraternity, Liberty, Like, Religion, Teaches Quotes to Explore Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful. They come together in complicated ways, and sometimes even compete with each other. Religion. SUPPORT THE AMBEDKARITE TODAY MAKE A CONTRIBUTION TODAY >>>, SUBSCRIBE TO THE AMBEDKARITE TODAY NEWSLETTER, Ambedkar’s Interpretation of Religion: A Dalit Point of View. The moment it degenerates into rules, it ceases to be a religion, as it kills responsibility which is an essence of the true religious act.” Religion continued to play a role in public life, including in the shaping of the modern European state, as the German philosopher Carl Schmitt pointed out, and philosophers of modernity, such as Hegel, conceptualized the world as a map of religious units (Christianity/Europe, Hinduism/India, Confucianism/China, Islam/Near East and so on). Hence his emphasis on sila – without which even knowledge was futile. Dr. Ambedkar's role as a prominent constitution maker of India is quite well known. Along with Rabindranath Tagore, Ambedkar was a rare courageous individual who dared critique nationalism at the height of India’s nationalist movement – a risky enterprise for any public figure. Religion is the most powerful force of social gravitation without which it would be impossible to hold the social order in its orbit.” It is because religion has a social function, Dr Ambedkar believed that a person has a right to question its viability as to how well it served that individual socially. But to be moral, Ambedkar further argued, was not simply to follow the right rules. Ambedkar’s Religion. But while I am. For one, civil religion is a religion, shorn of the church and of theological elaboration, clearly in service of the modern state. Hinduism is said to divide people and in contrast, Islam is said to bind people together. One of the letters written by three people living with HIV … Dr. Ambedkar's role as a prominent constitution maker of India is quite well known. They call for interpretation and judgment. In this video, there is a discussion on evaluation of religion by Dr Ambedkar on the basis of his principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. It is urgent that we return to Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar’s thoughts on religion today. To quote from The Annihilation of Caste: The principle may be wrong but the act is conscious and responsible. Ambedkar has aged well. That Hinduism prohibits intermarriage between Hindus and Muslims is quite well known. “In the Hindu religion, one can[not] have freedom of speech. Courtesy – This article was published by The Logical Indian, © The Ambedkarite Today - All rights reserved. Contact us for a list of FP Books’ titles and to order. That all religions develop some sort of prayers and pilgrimages, rituals and ceremonies, as religious duties for men simply being certain appendages to a religion, but the most integral part of a religion is the morality it professes for the welfare of mankind. And two, because “progressives” have always neglected religion – liberals by insisting that religion is or should be a matter of private faith and Marxists by insisting that religion is false consciousness of people who do not recognize their own true economic interest. How important it is to put anything and everything under scrutiny, no matter if it is a Religion or a Mahatma or a Doctor. These records provide detailed accounts of the work of Nonconformist missionaries amongst lower-caste and Dalit communities in … A Hindu must surrender his freedom of speech. They were a-moral; they were simply there to be placated, harnessed, and sometimes even fought. The majority is left and has to be left to sustain its social life by the postulates and sanction of morality. Buddhist as he was (as close to being an atheist as possible and still believing in anything) Ambedkar was anti-organized religions -- both Hinduism and Islam. When will it wither away? I didn’t launch the temple entry movement because I wanted the Depressed Classes to become worshipers of idols which they were prevented from worshiping or because I believed temple entry would make them equal members in and an integral part of the Hindu Society. “Dr Ambedkar is a challenge to Hinduism,” began Gandhi, and then tried to counter Ambedkar’s arguments on the need for forgoing caste and forgetting varna. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. At any rate no satisfactory answer to the question what would take the place of the State when it withers away, though this question is more important than the question when the State will wither away. Rules determine, principles produce a responsible freedom. Buddhism isn’t traditionalist- … Nor did Buddha claim any miraculous powers or special insights into extra-worldly questions (such as what happens after life, what is the nature of the self and so on). Forward Press also publishes books on Bahujan issues. Ambedkar was a humanist. According to them, the constitution is for managing a state and not a national constitution. However, his views on religion, particularly his reasons for renouncing Hinduism, the religion of his birth, are not as widely known. Buddha, he said, was more flexible about the principle of non-violence than he was about the principle of democracy. Consequently, nationalism, such as in India, also predominantly took on the form of religious nationalism. More generally, he helps us develop both a critique and an understanding of religion as a phenomenon. Railway Depressed Class Workmen’s Conference, Nashik Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar expressed his views on Brahmanism. It also prohibits intermarriage between Muslims and Hindus. The Ambedkarite Today website is not supported by any corporate or political parties as many other online portals are, neither do we have any investment from businesses. And hence Ambedkar’s statement that in navayana, religion is morality and morality religion. For Islam divides as inexorably as it binds. If the new world– which be it realised is very different from the old-must have a religion- and the new world needs religion far more than the old world did — then it can only be religion of the Buddha. A religious act may not be a correct act but must at least be a responsible act. Buddhism goes further than basic non-violence, teaching against many kinds of societal divisions. In The Buddha and his Dhamma, written just before his death, Ambedkar offers us a conception of religion in its purest and barest form, i.e. The conversion Ambedkar spoke of did not take place for another twenty years, but from 1936 onwards, he began to explore the possibilities of conversion to another religion for himself as well as all Hindus. Firstly, Buddhism has its roots in the Indian soil and Secondly, it is the religion of ethics, morality and learning which has no place for While Ambedkar insisted that religion was both inevitable to and necessary for public life, he strongly denied that all religions are good. Secondly, Ambedkar fought against the reduction of religion to identity. But to say that religion is part of human ontology does not at all mean that religion is basically the same in all places and at all times. Ambedkar interpreted the basic tenets of religions from the Dalit viewpoint of the prevailing socio-cultural situation in India. The views of Ambedkar and his works, however, are not free from criticisms. And a constant pursuit of knowledge, self-analysis and wisdom. Beautifully analysed as I have too read many text of Dr. Ambedkar I could recall and relate to what author, Dr. Prathama, was trying to convey. [The law] is intended to keep the minority within the range of social discipline. The moment it degenerates into rules, it ceases to be a religion, as it kills responsibility which is an essence of the true religious act. I realise that the world is an imperfect world and anyone who wants to live in it must bear with its imperfections. To the Muslim ibi bene ibi patria is unthinkable. Quite to the contrary. First, Ambedkar combined fearless and trenchant criticism of religion with a deep sympathy and understanding of it. The ILP also stated that it did not represent any single caste or religion, and there was no difference between touchable and untouchable, Brahmin and non-Brahmin, Hindu and Muslim. Buddhist texts were simply meditations on the human condition, no more and no less – centred around the philosophical concepts of shunyata (emptiness), dukkha (suffering, both social and personal), impermanence of the world, “dependent origination” (ie the interconnected and inessential nature of all things) and ahimsa or non-violence. The rule may be right but the act is mechanical. Ambedkar who was born in an "untouchable" family carried on a relentless battle against untouchability throughout his adult life. Rules told us exactly what to do and how to do it. Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar on Brahmanism. We work on bringing out Dalit-Bahujans history and culture which have been sidelined till now. Muslims around the world are bound to each other with a bond called “Ummah” based on their religious ties. To Ambedkar, the most important revolution in the history of religion was the invention of God! Religious identity for Ambedkar was a choice and not destiny. Ambedkar on religion Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, the head of India's constituent assembly, and, in many ways, the father of modern India's democratic Constitution, was a Dalit and an outspoke critic of the oppression faced by his people in Indian society. In this, he stands alone, afar, above. Prathama Banerjee delves into Ambedkar’s thinking. According to him for eradication of caste, it is necessary to break the religious notion on which caste system is laid down. Dr. Ambedkar on religion in general and Buddhism in particular1, setting them in the backdrop of key debates in Sociology and Anthropology regarding the nature and meaning of religion as a category as well as the implications of association between religion and power. Born In: Dr. Ambedkar Nagar. Based on this understanding of the world as ephemeral and ever-changing, without the guarantees of god’s grace and of an afterlife of the soul, but for that very same reason, imbued with the infinite possibility of transformation, Ambedkar proposed new Buddhism as a religion of the world, meant to change lives for the better right here right now, by inspiring responsible action and moral conduct among its followers. Ambedkar’s morality clearly called for a certain sanctity, which was beyond merely the sanctity of reason. But Buddha never condoned dictatorship – for he believed that right conduct could never be enforced or coerced; it had to emerge from changed dispositions. Let me end here by pointing out Ambedkar’s unmatched originality in the rethinking of religion. Wherever there is the rule of Islam, there is his own country. … The only thing, which could sustain it after force is withdrawn, is Religion. It was about principles. Holi, Brahmin cultural hegemony and Bahujan narratives. This narrow-mindedness is not the vice of Hinduism only. He saw religion not as a means to spiritual salvation of individual souls, but as a ‘social doctrine’ for establishing the righteous relations between man and man. आंबेडकर के हवाले से नागेश चौधरी जातियों में बंटे देश के राष्ट्र होने की बाधाओं को बता रहे है। श्रेणीबद्ध जातियाँ सबसे बड़ी समस्या हैं, इसीलिए उनके उन्मूलन के बिना राष्ट्र का निर्माण संभव नहीं है. A true religion is a religion of principles rather than rules, because it fosters a creative, responsible and free religious subject. Interestingly, Ambedkar did not go by the conventional narrative of modernity. His task then was to rescue religion from self-proclaimed religionists, who had reduced religion to merely a set of cultural markers and practices, and return to religion the two critical dimensions of philosophy and theology. He decided to convert to Buddhism in 1956, convinced that “Buddha’s dhamma is the best” and that Buddhism was the “most scientific religion“. “The Vedic mea… In The Buddha and his Dhamma, written just before his death, Ambedkar offers us a conception of religion in its purest and barest form, ie a religion without the mediation of gods and prophets and without grounding in any notion of an eternal inner being such as soul or atman. But it must not be forgotten that unlike anybody else, he made Fraternity the basis on which Equality and Liberty became possible. … The life of the shudras was made worse than that of animals. The cause assigned for this torpor… is said to be the fundamental assumption made by all Muslims that Islam is a world religion, suitable for all people, for all times and all conditions.” Dr. Ambedkar quotes an unnamed source saying: “It is indeed one of the salient features of Islam that it immobilizes in their native barbarism the races whom it enslaves. ... irrespective of Caste and religion can work. In his Speech at G.I.P. In other words, religion was simply about life in all its exigencies, dangers and flourishing. There is no prior political community that gets corrupted in later times and can therefore be recovered from an earlier pristine and primitive state. This (patently false) equation between culture and religion came to be universalized through colonial rule, which anthropologized and administered people across the world as religio-cultural communities. Ambedkar’s Religion Anupama Rao (Barnard History). Islam is a close corporation and the distinction that it makes between Muslims and non-Muslims is a very real, very positive and very alienating distinction. But there is a side to Ambedkar that is not known, spoken, or written, out of fear by those who have appropriated him. If Shastras support the existing untouchability, he should cease to call himself a Hindu. First, Gandhi argues that Ambedkar pointed out only the limitations or problems of the Hindus and the Hindu religion and nothing was talked of the problems of lower castes and untouchables. आंबेडकर बौद्ध दर्शन का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं तो गांधी वैदिक दर्शन का। अलख निरंजन का विश्लेषण, Narayana Guru’s messages of liberation through education and empowerment through organization clearly echo Ambedkar’s slogan ‘educate, agitate and organize’. B.R. These became overwhelmed by their welcome, and in the end – against original intentions – in fact, converted to Sikhism. Ambedkar did not agree with those who believe that religion arose in magic. His views on constitutionalism, democracy, caste, religion, individualism, and economics not only influenced countless people over the years, they also had a profound impact on the very foundations of Indian democracy. But I do not think there can be any serious controversy that these are not the norms. It is clear that Ambedkar had quietly moved away from the modern Kant-ian sense of morality as a purely mentalist and rational judgment (Kant said that morality needed no religious backing). I like to assure the Mahatma that it is not the mere failure of the Hindus and Hinduism which has produced in me the feelings of disgust and contempt with which I am charged. Ambedkar, who belonged to the Mahar caste which was considered untouchable in Hinduism, converted to Buddhism after studying the religion for … The result, as we know, is dictatorship and violence. He feels that it is due to “the fundamental assumption made by all Muslims that Islam is a world religion, suitable for all people, for all times and for all conditions ... that this uniformity is deadening and is not “So long as we remain in a religion, … The history of religion is a history of revolutions, Ambedkar said, and to understand religion we must pay attention to the convulsive changes that religion has gone through in the world. Islam is equally narrow in its social code. Ambedkar’s criticism of Hinduism, as a religion, as a way of … It is true that he named “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” – the unmistakably political slogan of the French Revolution – as ideals of his religion. Initially, Ambedkar was an anathema to it because of his utterances against its Hindu religion. These forces were neither good nor evil. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. “Revolution is the mother of philosophy,” Ambedkar said. That the center of religion is a man, the base is morality, the aim is the secular welfare of mankind, and the means is the righteous conduct embedded in social responsibility that all human beings owe towards their fellow-beings living in human society. It required a commitment that was akin to reli… शेखर, Both the RSS and Golwalkar were opposed to the Constitution. Yet religion continues to play a determining role in our contemporary society – both in politics and in ordinary people’s everyday lives – and most of us remain but helpless witnesses to this fact. Hence, so long as you are in the Hindu religion, you cannot expect to have freedom of thought”― B.R. That was the integration of religion with morality. “If I find the constitution being misused, I shall be the first to burn it.” ― Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, … Religion in the sense of morality, must therefore, remain the governing principle in every society. The following is as clear a statement as can be, of Ambedkar’s argument that religion emerges where the jurisdiction of the state ends: The Communists themselves admit that their theory of the State as a permanent dictatorship is a weakness in their political philosophy. It cannot also be understood, as some seek to do, within the framework of “civil religion”, as proposed by Jean Jacques Rousseau in The Social Contract. Political community has to be built, painstakingly, against all odds and for the first time ever, from an ancient condition of hierarchy and exploitation. On those terms, Hinduism is clearly wanting, because it sanctifies hierarchy, inequality and untouchability. The brotherhood of Islam is not the universal brotherhood of man. Your generous support can empower thousands of Dalits by giving them the tools they need to create a better life for themselves and their families. … The Communists have given no answer. Opposed to Dr Ambedkar’s idea of a casteless society, the RSS is all for maintaining the caste system, with the Brahmins at the centre of the Hindu nation, डा. During the Constituent Assembly debates, he famously stated, “I personally do not understand why religion should be given this vast, expansive jurisdiction, so as to cover the whole of life and to prevent the legislature from encroaching upon that field. However, his views on religion, particularly his reasons for renouncing Hinduism, the religion of his birth, are not as widely known. He believed caste is the evil that annihilates the human and prevents the making of an egalitarian society, writes Ajay S. Sekher, नारायण गुरु मानते थे कि मुक्ति की राह शिक्षा से होकर जाती है और संगठन में ही शक्ति है। उनका यह संदेश हमें आंबेडकर के ‘शिक्षित बनो, आन्दोलन करो और संगठित हो’ के नारे की याद दिलाता है। नारायण गुरु की मान्यता थी कि जाति एक ऐसी बुराई है जो मनुष्यत्व का नाश कर देती है और समतावादी समाज के निर्माण में बाधक है, बता रहे हैं अजय एस. This, as we know, was crucial for the history of our democracy in post-1947 India. Which of the most important revolution in the form of kinship – gods were often called fathers/mothers classes no. Ambedkar with Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil and Sant Gadge Maharaj ambedkar on religion those who believe religion. Free Forward Press newsletter to have freedom of speech Gadge Maharaj but as Ambedkar never failed to abolish! State is a separate force which is not essential to the constitution in Nagpur after his conversion social... Was made worse than that of religion can not share posts by email are in the matter of rather! 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